Lexicon

Cosmetogenomic

Cosmetogenomic is the application of genomics to cosmetology. It is used to study the response of genes ...


DNA microarray

A microarray is a set of DNA molecules fixed in neat rows in a small area which may be glass, silicon ...


qPCR

Quantitative PCR (or real-time PCR, qPCR) is a particular method of polymerase chain reaction to measure ...


Immunostaining

Immunostaining consists in revealing a specific protein on a section of tissue through the use of a ...


Lineage

A lineage is a homogeneous cell population, stable after successive mitoses, and having a theoretically ...


Epithelium

Epithelia are tissues consisting of closely juxtaposed cells. Epithelia serve two physiological functions: ...


Keratinocytes

Keratinocytes are cells constituting 90% of the surface layer of the skin (epidermis) and its appendages ...


Melanocytes

Melanocytes are skin and hair “pigmenting cells”. Melanocytes are located in the dermis, ...


Adipocytes

Adipocytes are cells of the adipose tissue, specialized in storing fat. Adipocytes are part of the energy ...


Fibroblast

A fibroblast is a cell present in the connective tissue, sometimes called a support cell. They are resident ...


Standardization

Action of eliminating the variations of every individual to obtain a global and common model.


Vascularization

Vascularization is blood vessels irrigating areas of the body, of an organ or a tissue corresponding ...


RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a molecule chemically very similar to the DNA. RNA is generally synthesized ...


DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule present in all living cells, which contains all the information ...


Gene

A gene is a sequence of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which specifies the synthesis of a polypeptide chain ...


Enzyme

Macromolecule of protein origin that acts as a biological catalyst, that is to say a compound which ...


Fluorescence

Emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.


Neo-epithelization

Epithelialization is the penultimate stage of wound healing, just before the maturation phase (or remodeling). ...


Ex-vivo

Ex vivo (Latin: "out of the living") defines biological tests developed outside of the body. ...


Anti-ageing

Biological mechanism limiting the visible effects of aging.


Dermis

The dermis is a connective tissue forming the skin with the epidermis and hypodermis. Its thickness ...


Epidermis

The epidermis is the outermost layer of skin; the surface is formed of keratinized cells. The epidermis ...


Hydration

Strengthening of the lipid barrier preventing from water loss.


Antioxidant

Biological or physiological mechanisms having the property to cancel the damages caused by free radicals ...